The severe foreign trade situation has raised concerns among senior management and competent authorities. Recently, the State Council and the Ministry of Commerce have conducted intensive investigations on the foreign trade situation. Insiders analyze that at present, the export season is not busy in the traditional export provinces. The foreign trade situation may be worse than expected at the beginning of the year.
According to experts, foreign trade has entered a "slow growth period." The executive meeting of the State Council on the 23rd pointed out that it is necessary to stabilize and improve export policies, support enterprises to actively develop markets, and promote the stable growth of foreign trade, once again releasing a strong signal of "stable growth". Related policies may usher in a period of intensive introduction. It is reported that the Ministry of Commerce, which is the competent department of foreign trade, will also increase support for export enterprises, and at the same time, policies will promote the transformation and upgrading of foreign trade.
Intensive research to find out the export situation is worse than expected
"It seems that the foreign trade situation may be worse than expected at the beginning of the year." Insiders of the Ministry of Commerce told reporters. 10% is China's annual foreign trade growth target set at the beginning of the year. Now, under the severe foreign trade situation, this goal is under great pressure to achieve.
The latest foreign trade data shows that the growth rate of imports and exports in April has fallen year-on-year, and the single-month import and export in April has seen a rare low growth since 2010. And the just-concluded Canton Fair turnover has seen a rare decline in recent years. This is contrary to the industry's previous expectations that the foreign trade situation will start to improve in the second quarter.
The severe foreign trade situation has raised concerns among high-level and competent authorities, and recently conducted intensive investigations on the foreign trade situation. From February 9th to 11th, Minister of Commerce Chen Deming investigated and hosted a symposium on import and export situation in Anhui. On February 20, the Ministry of Commerce held a national import and export working conference in Nanchang. An in-depth analysis of domestic and foreign situations facing foreign trade development, and research and deployment of foreign trade work in 2012.
From March 31st to April 1st, Vice Premier Wang Qishan visited Zhejiang and held a forum on the foreign trade situation in seven provinces and cities in East China. On April 12, Zhong Shan, Deputy Minister of Commerce and Deputy Representative of International Trade Negotiations, inspected the Canton Fair and held a special conference on the situation of foreign trade during the Canton Fair. In May, during the 7th China Expo, the Ministry of Commerce once again convened some participating enterprises to hold a symposium on foreign trade situation, understand the situation and listen to suggestions.
On May 20, Premier Wen Jiabao inspected and held a forum on the economic situation of the six provinces in Hubei. On May 23, the State Council executive meeting pointed out that the stability and improvement of export policies, support for enterprises to actively explore the market, and promote the steady growth of foreign trade.
Shen Danyang, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Commerce, said recently that factors such as the shrinking of external demand, rising domestic factor costs, and increased trade frictions have led to low-speed growth in foreign trade exports. Judging from foreign trade data in April, "the external demand situation is even weaker and worse than we expected, especially the demand of the European Union, which is China's largest trading partner, has fallen sharply."
In the short term, the situation of China's foreign trade is still difficult to be optimistic. A reporter from the Economic Reference Daily surveyed in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Guangdong recently found that, usually, the second quarter of each year is the peak period for foreign trade orders. Slump is common. A textile company in Zhejiang exported 400 million yuan last year, of which 90% was exported to Europe and the United States. The person in charge of the company said that orders have decreased by 10% this year. "It should be the peak season for production, but the orders are still insufficient, and the company has not been operating at full capacity since this year." The company's follow-up survey showed that export orders increased and remained flat in April, accounting for 68.7%, down from 11.7 percentage points in the same period last year.
Foreign trade "guarantee" pressure
The pressure to maintain the growth of insurance from top to bottom runs through the entire foreign trade system. Relevant leaders of Jiangsu Province told the reporter of the Economic Reference Daily that in the past month, the province has convened three special foreign trade stabilization conferences and several key enterprise symposiums. In the past few days, they have to go to Beijing to the State Council and several related parties. Ministries and commissions report on the situation of foreign trade.
Judging from the latest customs data, in the first four months of this year, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Beijing, Zhejiang, Shandong, and Fujian ranked among the top provinces in terms of total foreign trade value. Only Beijing and Fujian provinces saw an increase in the total value of imports and exports. More than 10%, respectively 10.9% and 12.3%. Except for the decline in Jiangsu, the remaining provinces experienced slow growth of 1% to 3%. The total import and export value of the above seven provinces has exceeded 80% of the national total.
"Despite the rapid growth of foreign trade in some provinces in the central and western regions, after all, the base is small. To achieve a 10% increase in foreign trade across the country, it still depends on several traditional export provinces. Now it seems that the achievement of the annual target is indeed not under great pressure." An industry insider told the Economic Reference News reporter.
Steady growth is the number one task for foreign trade this year. Experts point out that this is mainly due to the macroeconomic growth target for the whole year. At present, consumer demand is difficult to drastically increase in the short term, and investment growth may also decline. Against this background, it appears that exports maintain a certain rate of growth. especially important. This year's growth in foreign trade is critical to maintaining economic growth.
同时 But at the same time, experts also emphasized that while steady growth, structural transformation cannot stop. While the current slowdown in foreign trade growth, the industry is more concerned about whether there has been progress in structural adjustment?
Shen Danyang, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Commerce, said that this year's relatively slow growth in foreign trade, companies are very focused, and they are also concerned about all aspects, but we must see that this is because China ’s foreign trade development has entered a new stage, or opened to the outside world After entering a new era, we proactively carried out policy adjustments and accelerated the transformation of foreign trade development methods.
He said, we are very glad to see that significant progress has been made in the adjustment of foreign trade structure this year. Judging from the data of commodity structure, market structure, trade mode structure, trade subject structure, and terms of trade, we have seen a trend of further optimization of the transfer mode and structure adjustment.
成效 Effects of transformation and upgrading
调研 A survey by the Economic Reference Daily found that in coastal provinces, the effects of foreign trade transformation and upgrading have initially shown. Cao Haifeng, president of Suzhou Shengli Precision Technology Co., Ltd., told reporters that since 2009, although the number of customers has increased, due to the rapid increase in overseas shipping and labor costs, coupled with the continued decline in product prices Trend, the company's profit is falling. Later, the company gradually realized that it was the most important to participate in the customer's research and development process. After that, it increased its investment in research and development and began to actively promote some concepts and independent research and development styles to customers. Now the company promotes to customers 5 to 10 on average every 3 months. A new look. This self-developed method is about 20% more profitable than drawing.
Cobos Robot Technology Co., Ltd. is also a company that started with OEM production of household appliances. Its chairman Qian Dongqi told reporters that in the process of more than ten years of OEM (OEM), it has accumulated market experience and scientific research. The talent team has gradually grown and started independent research and development, cultivating independent brands. At present, the company has become a group company with independent high-end product brands and core technologies, specializing in R & D, design, manufacturing and sales of intelligent cleaning appliances. He likened the development process from OEM to independent brand to "hen broiler chick". He said that if we have been insisting on OEM, we can say that until now customers are still lining up to place orders, and we can make money sitting at home. Persistent branding will lose a large number of customers, but this is conducive to the company's long-term development.
Dongguan Chuang Electromechanical Products Co., Ltd. transformed itself from a processing trade enterprise into the world's largest business electric appliance company by acquiring its own customers. The person in charge said that we started to supply materials to the international top business electric appliance companies from the beginning, and then gradually acquired these original customers after gradually developing. Now we have acquired many top European and American brands and become The world's largest company doing business electric appliances.
Jinfa Technology (600143, stock bar) Co., Ltd. seeks the road of transformation by exploring the pulse of the market and developing new products and markets. The company's chairman Yuan Zhimin said that the company mainly produces high-performance modified plastics, and has worked closely with major auto appliance companies for many years. When the global crisis shrank due to the financial crisis, the company's profits fell due to the decline in auto appliance consumption. Later, the company continuously improved the process, strengthened management, and further increased the added value of the product. It also developed many new products, such as a wood-like material combined with plastic and wood, and some degradable environmentally friendly plastic products. Growth to compensate for declines in older products. Now the company exports 80 million US dollars a year, of which 60 million is deep processing.
部 The Ministry of Commerce will promote the transformation and upgrading of foreign trade
It is reported that the Ministry of Commerce, as the competent department of foreign trade, will adopt a series of measures to maintain the growth of foreign trade, including increasing financial support policies for export tax rebates, export credit insurance, and trade financing for enterprises, and guiding enterprises to develop new markets and establish marketing networks. Level of trade facilitation, etc.
At the same time, in order to help companies grow in adversity and grow in crisis, they will also actively promote trade transformation and upgrading. A person in charge of the Ministry of Commerce's Mechanical and Electrical and Technology Industry Department told reporters that the main content of the current promotion of trade transformation and upgrading is to promote the transformation and upgrading of processing trade. The connotation of transformation and upgrading should be rich and diversified. Specifically, it includes five transformations: first, the transformation of product processing from low-end to high-end, gradually changing the status quo of low-end processing and assembly, and improving product technology content and additional value. The second is the transformation of the industrial chain from short to long, and promote the processing trade supporting system to extend to the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain of research and development, design, brand creation, manufacturing, and marketing services. The third is to transform the operating entity from a single to a pluralistic one, and promote the common development of domestic and foreign enterprises. Fourth, the region has shifted from being led by the east to coordinated development in the east, middle, and west. Fifth, the incremental change from outside the region to the main region will guide the increase in the development of the region and promote the coordinated development of processing trade within and outside the region.
According to the person in charge mentioned above, during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the Ministry of Commerce will accelerate the transformation and upgrading of processing trade and undertake transfer in the following areas: First, improve policies and measures, and accelerate the pilot and demonstration construction of transformation and upgrading. Encourage the eastern region to transition to high-end manufacturing and service industries, and undertake emerging industries and R & D links. The second is to do a good job in the construction and cultivation of key supporting grounds, and to promote the orderly transfer of processing trade. Work with relevant departments to improve and refine policies, increase support, and strengthen capacity in key regions. The third is to improve management and promote the healthy development of processing trade. In accordance with national industrial and environmental protection policies, explore and establish reasonable processing trade enterprise access standards. Promote inter-departmental networking to realize the electronicization of the entire process of processing trade management and management data sharing. The fourth is to strengthen services and optimize the development environment. We must take effective measures in terms of financing and employment, and do everything possible to solve the difficulties of enterprises in financing and employment.