The General Administration of Customs announced at a special press conference held in Shanghai on the 26th that, starting August 1, 12 paperless customs reform pilots will be launched at customs.
The 12 customs offices include Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Nanjing, Ningbo, Hangzhou, Fuzhou, Qingdao, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Gongbei and Huangpu. The import and export of these 12 customs accounts for about 80% of the country's total foreign trade.
Li Wei, deputy director of the Supervision Department of the General Administration of Customs, pointed out that the pilot of paperless reform of customs clearance operations is to change the manual circulation of existing paper documents, convert all paper documents into electronic documents, and realize the entire process of customs clearance. Paperless, further improve customs clearance efficiency, reduce customs clearance costs, enhance regulatory effectiveness, and promote safety and convenience.
According to reports, foreign trade enterprises participating in the paperless reform of customs clearance operations must first sign an electronic data application agreement with the customs and a third-party certification agency (China Electronic Port). When handling the entry and exit formalities of each ticket, the enterprise declares the electronic declaration form and the electronic data of the accompanying documents to the customs, and the customs computer system analyzes and discriminates them. Automatic release of low-risk goods and sending release information to the place where the goods are stored and the enterprise can directly handle the import pick-up or export shipment procedures; for high-risk goods, the customs will switch to manual review, and paper inspection is required if necessary Documents, the customs will send instructions to the enterprise, and the enterprise will submit relevant paper documents to the customs site to go through customs formalities.
For enterprises, all declaration forms and accompanying paper documents are converted into electronic data, and the entire process of declaration and customs clearance can be completed through the Internet. It is not necessary to provide paper documents at the customs site, which is conducive to cost savings, Improve efficiency; for customs, each operation link can monitor and review the electronic declaration form and the electronic data of the accompanying documents. The focus of supervision is more prominent, which is conducive to improving the effectiveness of risk analysis.
From August 1st, the 12 pilot customs will select some AA and A enterprises to carry out the paperless reform pilot of customs clearance. The list of specific enterprises will be selected by the pilot customs.
It is understood that the General Administration of Customs has initially planned to comprehensively push forward the paperless reform of customs clearance operations at the national customs in about three years. In 2015, the national customs will implement paperless customs clearance for all import and export goods.
Announcement of the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China
Number 38, 2012
In order to further improve customs supervision and services, the General Administration of Customs has decided to carry out a paperless reform of customs clearance operations on a pilot basis across the country's customs on the basis of comprehensively launching the reform of classified customs clearance. The related matters are announced as follows:
I. Pilot scope of paperless reform of customs clearance operations:
(1) Beijing Customs: import air cargo;
(2) Tianjin Customs: imported goods by sea;
(3) Shanghai Customs: import and export goods by sea;
(4) Nanjing Customs: import and export goods in special customs supervision area;
(5) Import and export goods transshipped between Hangzhou and Ningbo Customs;
(6) Fuzhou Customs: import and export goods to and from Taiwan;
(7) Qingdao Customs: export goods by sea;
(8) Guangzhou Customs: export by air;
(9) Shenzhen Customs: goods exported by land port;
(10) Gongbei Customs: imported goods at the land port;
(11) Huangpu Customs: Import and export goods are handled by land.
2. Paperless customs clearance refers to the customs' classification of import and export goods based on risk classification based on enterprise classification management and risk analysis, and use of information technology to change customs inspection. Import and export companies submit paper declarations and accompanying documents. The practice of applying for customs clearance formalities directly conducts customs clearance operations of paperless review and inspection and release processing of declaration forms and electronic data accompanying documents entered by enterprises through China's electronic ports.
3. Scope of pilot enterprises: import and export enterprises and customs declaration enterprises with AA and A customs management categories.
4. After the pilot enterprises have approved and approved the customs directly under the place of declaration, after signing an electronic data application agreement with the customs directly under the place of declaration and a third-party certification authority (China Electronic Port Data Center), the “customs clearance paperless operation” can be applied within the customs "Customs clearance.
Import and export enterprises approved by the customs to approve the "paperless customs clearance" customs clearance method need to entrust customs declaration agents to act as agents for customs declaration, and they should entrust customs companies that have been approved by the customs to apply the "paperless customs clearance operations" customs clearance method.
V. Pilot enterprises approved by the customs may choose their own paper operations or "paperless customs clearance" operations. Enterprises that choose "paperless customs clearance" should choose the "paperless customs clearance" method at the entry point of the electronic port when applying for cargo declaration.
6. If the pilot enterprise approved by the customs chooses to apply for “paperless customs clearance” for declaration, the customs declaration form and the electronic data of the accompanying documents shall be sent to the customs at the same time when the goods are declared.
If the business unit is a type AA enterprise but does not meet the temporary storage requirements of the document or if the type A enterprise has been approved by the customs, it may send the electronic data of the attached document to the customs within 10 days from the date of customs release.
If the business unit is a type AA enterprise and meets the temporary storage requirements of the document, the electronic data of the attached document need not be sent, and the enterprise should keep the relevant document by itself according to customs regulations.
7. When the relevant units need to consult and copy the customs declaration file and the electronic data file of the attached documents, they shall follow the relevant provisions of the current file certification.
8. For import and export goods that involve permits (excluding the "Customs Clearance Form for Entry (Exit)"), the "paperless customs clearance" operation method is not applicable for the time being.
Nine, import and export goods that involve taxes and fees but have not selected electronic payment are temporarily not applicable to the "paperless customs clearance" operation method.
X. If the customs declaration form adopting the "paperless customs clearance" operation method needs to be modified / canceled, the enterprise can submit an application through the "Customs Declaration Declaration" system "Customs Declaration Repair / Cancellation Function" of China Electronic Port.
This announcement will be implemented on a trial basis from August 1, 2012.